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Algae > Volume 30(2); 2015 > Article
Algae 2015;30(2): 81-87. doi: https://doi.org/10.4490/algae.2015.30.2.81
Isolation and physiological characterization of a novel virus infecting Stephanopyxis palmeriana (Bacillariophyta)
JinJoo Kim1, Seok-Hyun Yoon1, Tae-Jin Choi2

1Fishery and Ocean Information Division, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute, Busan 619-705, Korea
2Department of Microbiology, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737, Korea
*Corresponding Author  Tae-Jin Choi, Tel: +82-51-629-5617, Fax: +82-51-629-5619, 
Email: choitj@pknu.ac.kr
Recent studies have shown the importance of viruses as potential sources of plankton mortality, which affect primary production and biogeochemical functions of their hosts. Here, we report basic characteristics of a novel virus (Stephanopyxis palmeriana virus: SpalV) that causes lysis of a culture of the diatom S. palmeriana, which was isolated in Jaran Bay, Korea, in August 2008. SpalV is a round-shaped viral particle ~25-30 nm in diameter that propagates in its host’s cytoplasm. In addition, it shows species-specific infectivity among the tested diatom species. The burst size and latent period are estimated to be roughly 92 infectious units cell-1 and
Key words: algal virus; Bacillariophyceae; Stephanopyxis palmeriana

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