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Algae > Volume 25(2); 2010 > Article
Algae 2010;25(2): 99-104. doi: https://doi.org/10.4490/algae.2010.25.2.099
Axenic purification and cultivation of an Arctic cyanobacterium, Nodularia spumigena KNUA005, with cold tolerance potential for sustainable production of algae-based biofuel
Ji Won Hong1, Han-Gu Choi2, Sung-Ho Kang2 and Ho-Sung Yoon1,*

1Department of Biology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea,
2Division of Polar Biology & Ocean Sciences, Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI), Incheon 406-840, Korea
A psychrotolerant cyanobacterium, Nodularia spumigena KNUA005, was isolated from a cyanobacterial bloom sample collected near Dasan Station in Ny-Alesund, Svalbard Islands during the Arctic summer season. To generate an axenic culture, the isolate was subjected to three purification steps: centrifugation, antibiotic treatment and streaking. The broad antibacterial spectrum of imipenem killed a wide range of heterotrophic bacteria, while the cyanobacterium was capable of enduring both antibiotics, the remaining contaminants that survived after treatment with imipenem were eliminated by the application of an aminoglycoside antibiotic, kanamycin. Physical separation by centrifugation and streaking techniques also aided axenic culture production. According to the cold-tolerance test, this mat-forming cyanobacterium was able to proliferate at low temperatures ranging between 15 and 20°C which indicates the presence of cold-tolerance related genes in N. spumigena KNUA005. This suggests the possibility of incorporating cold-resistance genes into indigenous cyanobacterial strains for the consistent production of algae-based biofuel during the low-temperature seasons. Therefore, it is needed to determine the cold-tolerance mechanisms in the Arctic cyanobacterium in the next research stage.
Key words: algae-based biofuel; Arctic cyanobacterium; axenic culture; cold-tolerance

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