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Algae > Volume 11(3); 1996 > Article
Algae 1996;11(3): 247-267.
Historical Review and Prospect on Diatoms in Korea
Jin-Hwan Lee
Department of Biology, Sangmyung University
Research in Korea on fresh-water and marine diatoms began after the year of 1910s, about 80 years ago, during which time around 300 or sp theses have been published. 13 research papers on fresh water diatoms were written by foreign scholars between 1918-45, and contained research on species description, and frequency. On the other hand, 12 papers on marine diatoms appeared more than 10 years after that began on fresh water diatoms, beginning in early 1930-45, but contained similar contents. Research almost came to a standstill in the 1950s due to the Korean war, but in the 1960s, 17 papers on fresh water diatoms and 19 on marine diatoms were produced. From 1970-95, the number of papers on fresh water and marine diatoms increased rapidly to more than double every 10 years. Research included species composition, systematic classification, fine structure, dominant species, representative species, standing crops, succession, and geographical distribution. Planktonic, benthic, and epiphytic diatoms were introduced with regard to environmental pollution along with the ecological indices, and the amount and indication of water pollution were determined through research on aquatic ecosystems, marking great progress in a wide variety of fields. Regarding research on diatoms, there are University departments and research institutes, public and private institutes which include a large member of researchers, along with 6 established Societies that publish both Journals and Bulletins, as well as universities which publish research theses, which are indicative of a vast and thorough bulk of research being carried out on the subject.
Key words: diatoms, freshwater, Korea, marine, review

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