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Algae > Volume 10(2); 1995 > Article
Algae 1995;10(2): 97-108.
Biofouling by Marine Weedy Algae
Hyun-Woung Shin
Department of Botany, University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Fouling by marine alage results as reproductive cells of many algae attach and grow on surfaces of many submerged objects. Such fouling can create a number of important and costly economic problems. A first step, recruitment is crucial to the establishment and maintenance of population of fouling organisms. The ecological and physiological responses by reproductive cells of green fouling algae, Enteromorpha spp. and Ulva spp. vary and potentially influence their recruitment. This review will discuss spatial and temporal patterns as well as ecological and physiological responses of these motile cells. Chemotaxis and phototaxis of algal motile cells are likely to represent challenging new areas for biofouling research in the next century.
Key words: Ulva spp., Enteromorpha spp., recruitment, fouling, antifouling, phototaxis, chemo-taxis, propagules, attachment, gamete, zoospore, reproductive cells

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